This will keep you from getting caught up in all the myths and false news that’s constantly spreading about the onset of this new and potentially deadly new virus. It is also important if you are dieting and/or have an existing health condition. You may be concerned if following a low carb diet such as keto increases or decreases your risk factors.
Where Did Coronavirus Come From?
Coronavirus was first discovered in Wuhan which is a city located in China. It first crossed into human contact possibly by finding its way into busy food markets found in the city. The deadly virus which is now sweeping the globe appears to affect the body in a systematic process that seems to be connected.
Italy was one of the first major European countries to be badly affected. The virus is set to have far reaching consequences for the economy and financial wellbeing of many countries as well as for ongoing human health. Questions may soon be asked over why harsher preventative measures were not taken to suspend travel and quarantine travelers well before time. The virus is now officially known as Covid- 19.
Here in this Coronavirus feature article is our best assessment of how the virus affects the human body. Plus more importantly what you should know to stay fully aware and vigilant about the onset of symptoms. Then how to mitigate any possible future infection by Coronavirus. Avoiding infection is the best course of action. Since as at the time of writing there is no known cure for Coronavirus.
Coronavirus Starts In The Lungs
Since Coronavirus is a respiratory disease much like traditional flu, the infection starts and ends in the lungs. The virus easily spreads through touch or air when an infected person spreads the droplets and spores containing the virus to individuals in close proximity (5-6 feet range.) This can be done by touching an infected surface or by either coughing, spluttering or sneezing.
Most people catch flu in the colder winter months of the year. It remains to be seen if Coronavirus follows a similar pattern. Will it ease off in the summer or is it here to stay? The virus has nothing to do with poor eating choices or your chosen lifestyle. You catch the virus much like you might pick up the flu or common cold.
Just like the flu Coronavirus may be here for the long term. Indeed the primary symptoms of the Coronavirus are rather similar to those of the flu. In other words just as with the flu an infected person will begin with rising fever and a cough which later transitions to pneumonia or worse. Just like with the flu the elderly or those already weakened by existing ill health are more susceptible. That said some young, healthy people have already succumbed including the doctor in China who first discovered the virus. So this is somewhat alarming to learn.
It is further reported that there are as many as three phases through which the Coronavirus disease attacks the human lungs which is where in the body that the virus hits first. They include replication of the virus, Hyper-reactivity of the human immune system. Followed by pulmonary attack and eventually potential destruction of the immune system.
Transmission Of The Coronavirus
During the early days of infection, coronavirus quickly attacks the lung cells in a victim. These two cells can be classified as cilia (they appear similar batons) and the ones responsible for mucus production in body. The mucus is responsible for keeping your breathing organs moist and not too dry. While offering protection to the lung tissues against pathogens such as viruses and other foreign agents.
However, early data from those infected shows that almost 20-25 per cent of Coronavirus cases have reported some form of respiratory failure. At the same time some others have reported much milder symptoms. In fact lots of people experience mild symptoms but it is impossible to determine the impact on an individual until they are actually infected. The testing methods that countries employ. Including the age groups, locality and health all impact the volatility of the statistics to a degree.
On the other hand, the cilia cells help to clear out debris and junk in the body. Exactly like viruses and pollen by beating around the mucus in the lungs and elsewhere. In facts the majority of the patients infected with the Coronavirus have been reported to have developed pneumonia as a consequence of the infection.
This in itself also can be deadly especially among the elderly or previously unwell. Pneumonia exhibits symptoms such as shortness of breath. This can be attributed to the fact that coronavirus infects and kills cilia cells and blocking the patient’s airways.
Viral Invasion Of The Human Body
Viral invasion of the degree experienced by Coronavirus victims causes the body to up it’s game to try and get rid of the disease. It does this by filling the lungs with white blood cells. These white blood cells are intended to kill the virus and restore the lung tissue to good normal healthy levels. Usually when a person is in good health, this process only takes place in the infected areas of the lungs.
Except sometimes this inflammatory process in the body just doesn’t go as quite as expected. What happens is that the immune cells go on to destroy everything in their path, not exempting otherwise clean and healthy tissue. This means that the immunity process is now working against the body. Now the process, rather than working hard for the body, works in quite the opposite direction. One that is detrimental to the desired effect. The end result of this is further clogging of the lungs in the body. Followed by the worsening of pneumonia symptoms and overall health which can lead to further complications as more time elapses.
In this phase of the Coronavirus infection, the lung damage continues to worsen resulting in eventual respiratory failure. At this stage of the disease, if the patients don’t succumb, they can still live on with the damaged lung and carry on with leading normal lives. The World Health Organization reports that the lesions caused by coronavirus look very similar to those of a honeycomb that a bee might make. The lesions on the lungs are probably caused by the hyperactive response of the body’s immune system. This results in scars that stiffen and go rigid in order to try and protect the lungs from further damage.
Unfortunately patients with such damaged lungs have to rely on breathing ventilators to assist them with their regular breathing. As the destruction of the lungs continues in these patients, the membranes between the blood vessels in the body and the air sacs become more permeable. The effect of this is that it will cause a higher likelihood of the lungs filling with fluid. This directly lowers their efficiency to fully oxygenate blood. As you can see severe cases of Coronavirus are of considerable concern to human health.
The Virus Can Potentially Cause Diarrhoea
Close to a quarter of patients suffering from zoonotic coronaviruses experience the unpleasant experience of diarrhoea. This is of course rather nasty to experience for any patient. Thus it may not be a Coronavirus symptom that many people feel that relaxed talking about but we must be aware of it as a possibility. Of course many medical conditions, not least food poisoning can bring on a bout of diarrhoea.
The majority of the time, when viruses such as the flu or Coronavirus get into the human body, they attack the protein walled cells known as receptors hence causing the diarrhoea condition. Two clinical studies have recently detected the presence of coronavirus in faeces. However, there’s still no substantial evidence that can prove beyond doubt that the virus can, in fact, be spread through faeces. Of course you should continue to wash hands robustly at all times to limit transmission risks.
Invasion Of The Human Body
Alarmingly there have been reports of full-body invasion by the Coronavirus among some infected patients around the world. This is identified by an increase in liver enzymes, lower platelet and white blood cells, along with low blood pressure. This has led to cardiac arrest and acute kidney injury in a very low number of compromised patients.This kind of news is likely to alarm the elderly or those with existing medical conditions.
However, this isn’t regarded as absolute proof that the virus is actually spreading throughout the body. Rather it is identified as a possible cause of a what is known as a “cytokine storm.”
Cytokines are warning beacons within the immune system of the human body. The purpose of cytokines is to direct immune cells to the designated area of infection. This means that cytokines assist the immune cells in attacking and destroying the infected tissues; so as to save the body from further harm.
Possible Multiple Organ Failure
In severe cases of infection around the world so far; coronavirus has been reported to impede the body’s ability to pump blood throughout the body. This is on account of the cytokine response. This sadly may result in multiple organ failure. There’s no apparent reason or solution as to why some patients have complications outside of the lungs and some do not. Notwithstanding this, some scientists have suggested that this could be due to underlying conditions that the patient may already have. Such as diabetes or heart disease for instance.
Some May Experience Liver Injury
Doctors have reported that the virus causes liver injury. Although most cases of liver injury are quite mild, severe cases have indicated severe damage to the liver and liver failure. Once the bloodstream gets infected, the virus can swim to any body part. When functioning properly, the liver cells are continuously dying and secreting enzymes into the blood.
Later on, it is usually able to regenerate itself and carry on with its functions. Patients suffering from Corona Virus are reported to have an abnormal quantity of enzymes in the blood indicating that their liver is either mildly injured and can quickly regenerate itself or severely injured and could possibly fail.
Scientists are still not sure whether the virus infects the liver itself, replicates and destroys the cells on its own. Or if the cells are damaged by the body’s attempt to control the spread of the virus which causes the liver to swell.
It’s worth noting that Liver failure caused by coronavirus isn’t recorded as being the only cause of death of the patients. Majority of the cases where patients’ death has been caused by the virus, is because they also have other underlying conditions affecting their kidney, lung or liver.
The Possibility Of Renal Kidney Failure
Renal failure is considered an uncommon symptom of the Corona Virus. However, the few patients with renal failure are reported to have died because of it. Because the kidneys also help to filter your blood, the virus can find its way to it by targeting the kidney tubules. When the virus gets to the tubules, it can cause mild injury.
However, if the virus finds a way to penetrate the cells, it could begin replicating and have potentially lethal effects. Doctors suggest that the renal injury caused by the virus could be caused by underlying conditions such as low blood pressure whereas the more severe cases could be a result of a cytokine storm.
Acute kidney failure could be caused by a number of factors such as multiple organ failure, antibiotics and long use of a ventilator. This means that kidney failure isn’t solely caused by a coronavirus.
Current Protection Measures Against Coronavirus
1. Distance yourself from other people; You should keep a 3-4 feet proximity distance from anyone who’s obviously sneezing or coughing in the vicinity. If you’re too close to an infected person who’s coughing or sneezing, the virus can find its way to your respiratory tract. The Coronavirus spores are microscopic and are easily inhaled. Avoid public gatherings and transport where possible.
2. Practice regular hand washing; You should wash your hands regularly using a hand sanitizer or with soap and water so as to kill the virus that could be on your hands. Wash hands for at least 20 seconds with high quality soaps or sanitizers.
3. Avoid touching your nose, eyes, and mouth; You touch so many surfaces using your hands and hence you could possibly come in contact with the virus. Once the virus is on your hands, it could enter the body if you happen to touch your nose, mouth or eyes.
4. Practice responsible respiratory hygiene; Everyone around you should practice positive respiratory hygiene by covering their nose and mouth with a tissue or handkerchief when they need to sneeze or cough. The tissue should then be disposed of immediately or washed when returning home.
5.Seek medical assistance; If you experience a cough, fever and difficulty breathing of any of the symptoms mentioned in this feature article.
You should contact your local health authority in advance if you have any of these symptoms. Your health care provider will help you quickly access a suitable health facility hence protecting you and those around you from getting affected as well.
Be Proactive And Watch For Symptoms
Your local, as well as national healthcare provider, will help advise you and inform you of the latest developments of the coronavirus as well as how to keep yourself and others from contracting the virus. Remember this illness can affect anyone, keto dieters in great shape or just regular people with average lifestyles.
Hopefully, you’re now aware of what exactly happens in the body when a person is infected with the virus as well as its preventive measures. Remember to stay vigil as we wait for the virus to be dealt with by way of cures and vaccine.